Flawless living spaces

Hunter Ceiling Fans Buying Guide

Hunter Ceiling Fans Buying Guide

Hunter fans are undoubtedly the most excellent you can purchase. Here we now have put jointly all the details you might have to recognize about fans before buying. Please be aware that there tend to be other roof fan manufacturers available who duplicate Hunter roof fan designs. However they are fast near of the same quality, the supplies they use aren’t as top quality as well as they can’t copy hunter fans patents such as whisper-wind along with wobble-free technologies, no-one otherwise can complement the Seeker lifetime warranty about the motor possibly.

Most Hunter fans have the reverse option that is especially vital that you reduce heating system bills within the winter, heated air can end up being directed right behind to where it’s needed through spinning the actual ceiling enthusiast clockwise. Hunter ceiling fans are available in the online stores such as Amazon, ebay.com etc. Anyone can purchase the best outdoor ceiling fans http://www.lightningceilingfans.com/best-ceiling-fan-brands/

Some facts to think when purchasing ceiling fans

  1. Just how much wind is really being distributed?
  2. Exactly how efficiently may the enthusiast move atmosphere?
  3. Exactly how calm or even noisy may be the fan?
  4. Would the actual fan wobble?
  5. Just how extensive will the actual fan final?
  6. Exactly how durable may be the end?
  7. Will the maker stand at the rear of the guarantee?

Many fans move hardly any air

A roof fan which looks good but techniques small air is really soothe to nobody. One from the keys in order to proper atmosphere movement is actually blade message. Unlike Seeker some producers skimp upon materials and do not use big enough or even powerful sufficient motors to aid proper edge pitch. So that they compromise upon blade message, sacrificing correct wind movement to lessen the tension on small or low-powered engines. Many enthusiasts also make use of extra slim blades to lessen cost. The decreased blade area means decreased air motion.

Why numerous fans tend to be less effective?

The quantity of energy the fan consumes as well as the volume associated with air the actual fan techniques determines the actual fan’s general efficiency. Little, small wattage motors could use little power, but additionally they move hardly any air, leading to very ineffective enthusiasts. Hunter fans are made to shift lots of air.

The reason why many enthusiasts are loud

An electric humming created whenever a ceiling fan is sprinting, is generally caused by poor architectural design and deficiencies in precision production. Some producers use universal, cheap ball bearings to lessen cost, despite the fact that these really are an ordinary supply of operating sound. Hunter fans only make use of the best supplies available.

The reason why many enthusiasts wobble

Numerous factors may produce enthusiast wobble. Substandard edge materials as well as improper edge sealing may produce rotor blades that soak up moisture as well as warp-a major supply of shake. Blades which are not coordinated in very carefully weighed as well as balanced sets may also wobble. Economical installation systems along with brooch fasteners may also contribute in order to vibrate.

Common factors inferior fans break up prematurely

Motor dimension and edge pitch aren’t specified as well as matched properly. Improperly set up on/off draw chains may be faulty and become pulled from the housing. Insufficient quality, screening, manufacturing as well as inspection methods send low class fans to promote. Defective engine windings can result in electrical shorts within the motor. Poor fan bearings might be “shielded” on a single side just, allowing dirt to key in and trigger premature failing. Inexpensive supplies, poor architectural and low quality manufacturing procedures are utilized to produce “bargain” fans.

Noise Ten invisible pollution ,loud sounds can hurt more than just your ears

The roar of a passing train. The clamor of a construction site. The blast of a souped-up car stereo. For most young people, loud noises are part of life. Occasionally, though, noise isn’t just a backdrop. Sometimes the sounds that occur in your environment can interfere with learning, create stress, and permanently damage hearing. The good news is that you can protect yourself from the more harmful effects of noise pollution.

More than 5 million Americans between the ages of 6 and 19 suffer from impaired hearing as a result of noise exposure, according to the National Center for Health Statistics’ Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Hearing loss is entirely preventable, and experts agree that the best weapon against it is knowledge.

At the Workplace

Your parents probably spend a lot of time yelling at you to turn down the radio, but music isn’t the only threat to the average teen’s hearing. Noise can exceed safe levels at jobs commonly held by young people–at workplaces such as video arcades and amusement parks, lawn-care businesses, and fast-food restaurants. Each year, about 30 million Americans are exposed to dangerous levels of noise at their places of employment, reports the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).

Fifteen-year-old Nara Baker of Accord, N.Y., earned money last summer by doing various odd jobs, including lawn work. “A family friend asked me to [whack weeds on the] property,” she recalls, “and [the friend] said I had to wear earmuffs.” She laughed, envisioning fuzzy winter headgear, but she did wear the ear protection offered by her employer. It was, she reasoned, a matter of “safety first”!

But young workers can also be affected by workplace noise even if they themselves are not operating machinery. “Teens can control their risk of hearing loss by being aware of the damage that can be done by these hazards,” says Elise Handelman, director of OSHA’s Office of Occupational Health Nursing, Speak up-when [you] feel concerned, and wear protective equipment such as earplugs when noise levels are high.”

A Din in Schools

Loud sounds can affect overall health, says Arline Bronzaft. a former professor at Lehman College, City University of New York. Bronzaft is also chairperson of the Noise Committee of the Council on the Environment of New York City, She notes that long-term exposure to noise can affect blood pressure, heart and stomach health and even sleep.

To investigate the effects of noise pollution, Bronzaft and her colleagues conducted a groundbreaking study at a school located next to elevated train tracks. “When we compared reading scores, the students on the noisy side of the building were one year behind the students on the quieter side,” she reports. After rubber pads were placed on the tracks and acoustic ceiling tiles were installed in the school, the gap in reading scores vanished. More recent research from Cornell University indicated that students whose school was near a busy airport had more trouble learning to read than did students at a quieter school.

Louis Sutherland isn’t surprised. An acoustics consultant based in Rancho Palos Verdes, Calif., he says that academic achievement is bound to suffer in a noisy or “reverberant classroom.” Reverberation time, he explains, is the amount of time required for a steady sound that’s suddenly turned off to become nearly inaudible. To figure out whether your school suffers from too much reverberation, clap your hands in an empty classroom. “You should not be able to hear any clear echoes,” he says. Sutherland adds that controlling excess reverberation can be a simple matter of treating ceilings or walls with acoustic panels.

Safe and Sound

How else can you protect yourself from noise pollution? “There are three simple things that anyone can do,” declares Dr. William Martin, a professor at Oregon Health and Science University in Portland who studies the effects of loud noises on young people.

Number one: “Turn it down.” Keep volumes at reasonable levels. Number two: “Move away. Every time you double the distance from a sound source, you reduce the sound pressure by one-half.” And finally: “Use hearing protection. Earplugs or ear muffs should be used whenever you know you are going to be exposed to loud sounds, especially for a tong period of time.”

By protecting yourself from noise pollution. you may be protecting your hearing, your health, and your future.

Feel the Noise!

Giant subwoofers and earbuds blasting your favorite tunes aren’t the only threats to your ears–check out the many loud sounds lurking in your environment.

Discuss

* What is reverberation time? (the time required for a steady sound that’s suddenly turned off to become nearly inaudible)

* How does environmental noise affect health and learning? (Long-term exposure to noise can affect blood pressure, heart and stomach health, and sleep quality, as well as the ability to learn to read.)

* What steps can you take to protect your hearing? (Turn down the volume, move away from the sound, use earplugs or earmuffs.)

Do

Have students make lists of the loudest sounds in and around the school or community. Borrow a decibel meter from the school’s facilities department, the local police department, or a building inspector. Take a mini field trip with the decibel meter to measure the sounds that students thought were loudest. Then use the Occupational Health and Safety Administration decibel guidelines listed in “Feel the Noise” to quantify the average amount of time students are exposed to the sounds. The results can be graphed and made into a poster campaign for fellow students.

Plastic plumbing –an expert’s tips on doing it right part 2

Threaded CPVC male adapters used to join with female metal fittings should be used for cold water only. Be careful not to overtighten, which could strip the threads or crack the fitting. Use a good pipe dope, silicone rubber sealant, or Teflon plumber’s tape or Teflon paste on the male threads before making up the joint. When tightening the threaded adapter, turn hand-tight, then give a full turn further with a wrench. A correctly sized adapter should have some thread showing when properly tightened.
You can make piping measurements two ways: center-to-center or face-to-face. Center-to-center measurement has the advantage of letting you easily figure piping offsets using trigonometric-based factors (see illustrations). You then simply subtract the fitting makeup (the distance that the tubing extends into the fitting at each end) before you cut the tubing (the lengths vary with the fitting; see table).

With face-to-face measurement you have to remember only two figures: Add one inch to 1/2-inch tubing, and 1 3/8 inch to 3/4-inch tubing for fitting makeup at both ends.
Figuring piping offsets in which only 90-degree water-supply fittings are involved is simple. You can determine the length of 90-degree offsets by measuring directly, either face to face or center to center.
If calculations get confusing, simply lay the fittings out on the floor and take actual measurements face to face. Add for makeup, and cut the tubing.
In any case, it pays to assemble the parts of a subsystem dry (without solvent cement) to see that everything fits. You can then take it apart and solvent weld. If you make a mistake with CPVC tubing–and this is one of the virtues of the material–you can just saw out the incorrect portion and replace it with a correctly made section, using two couplings to join new to old.
CPVC tubing expands and contracts about 1/4 inch for every 10 feet of length–don’t restrain the tubing. Instead, leave space at the ends of runs. Make foot-long doglegs on runs more than 35 feet long. Taps off mains should be free for at least eight inches before they are restrained. This lets the main expand and contract. Holes drilled for tubing should be extra large: 7/8 inch for 1/2-inch tubing, and one inch for 3/4-inch tubing.
Support CPVC tubing every 32 inches (every other joist) using straps designed for CPVC. The straps hold the tubing firmly to the framing yet permit the pipework to slide with thermal movements.

Table: PS pipefitter’s guide–CPVC fitting measurements

Photo: Accurate measurement makes for a trouble-free plumbing system. No piping should be installed in unheated spaces unless it can be drained.
Photo: 1 Shown are transition unions (top, left to right): 3/4- and 1/2-in. female, 1/2- and 3/4-in. male fittings to adapt street (tubing size) CPVC to PB and copper. Bottom row: 3/4-in. street to 7/8-in. OD, 1/2-in. street to 5/8-in. OD, 1/2-in. street to 3/8-in. OD, 1/2- to 3/8-in. OD, 1/2-to 3/8-in. angle. 2 One end of street elbow (right) is same size as tubing so that it fits into the socket of another fitting. 3 Because of expansion, space CPVC at least one in. from frame. 4 Wing elbow screwed to headers supports stubout pipe for fixture. The temporary cap closes the supply system for pressure testing (CPVC withstands 100 psi at 180 degrees F).

Photo: Planning your water system and calculating measurements

Plan your supply system carefully, taking into account the sizes of tubing needed for each branch (top). There are two ways of measuring (upper left). Most plumbers prefer center-to-center measurements because there’s no need to deduct for fitting gain; a too-long tube can simply be cut a bit and used. With face-to-face measurements, if you forget to add makeup length, the tube will be too short, i.e., wasted. To make neat parallel 45-degree offsets (upper right), find distance B by multiplying distance between tubes (A) by 0.414. To make a parallel turn with 45-degree elbows, first figure distance B, as above. Find length of D by multiplying distance between two tubes (A) by 0.828 and adding results to length of C. Fitting gain is not a factor except in positioning the first fitting. You can calculate lengths of 45-degree offsets (lower left) by multiplying distance from center line to center line (rise or set) by 1.414. Deduct for fitting gain before cutting tubing. To find the run in compound or rolled 45-degree off-sets, multiply the setback by 1.414.Threaded CPVC male adapters used to join with female metal fittings should be used for cold water only. Be careful not to overtighten, which could strip the threads or crack the fitting. Use a good pipe dope, silicone rubber sealant, or Teflon plumber’s tape or Teflon paste on the male threads before making up the joint. When tightening the threaded adapter, turn hand-tight, then give a full turn further with a wrench. A correctly sized adapter should have some thread showing when properly tightened.

You can make piping measurements two ways: center-to-center or face-to-face. Center-to-center measurement has the advantage of letting you easily figure piping offsets using trigonometric-based factors (see illustrations). You then simply subtract the fitting makeup (the distance that the tubing extends into the fitting at each end) before you cut the tubing (the lengths vary with the fitting; see table).

With face-to-face measurement you have to remember only two figures: Add one inch to 1/2-inch tubing, and 1 3/8 inch to 3/4-inch tubing for fitting makeup at both ends.

Figuring piping offsets in which only 90-degree water-supply fittings are involved is simple. You can determine the length of 90-degree offsets by measuring directly, either face to face or center to center.

If calculations get confusing, simply lay the fittings out on the floor and take actual measurements face to face. Add for makeup, and cut the tubing.

In any case, it pays to assemble the parts of a subsystem dry (without solvent cement) to see that everything fits. You can then take it apart and solvent weld. If you make a mistake with CPVC tubing–and this is one of the virtues of the material–you can just saw out the incorrect portion and replace it with a correctly made section, using two couplings to join new to old.

CPVC tubing expands and contracts about 1/4 inch for every 10 feet of length–don’t restrain the tubing. Instead, leave space at the ends of runs. Make foot-long doglegs on runs more than 35 feet long. Taps off mains should be free for at least eight inches before they are restrained. This lets the main expand and contract. Holes drilled for tubing should be extra large: 7/8 inch for 1/2-inch tubing, and one inch for 3/4-inch tubing.

Support CPVC tubing every 32 inches (every other joist) using straps designed for CPVC. The straps hold the tubing firmly to the framing yet permit the pipework to slide with thermal movements.

Table: PS pipefitter’s guide–CPVC fitting measurements

Photo: Accurate measurement makes for a trouble-free plumbing system. No piping should be installed in unheated spaces unless it can be drained.

Photo: 1 Shown are transition unions (top, left to right): 3/4- and 1/2-in. female, 1/2- and 3/4-in. male fittings to adapt street (tubing size) CPVC to PB and copper. Bottom row: 3/4-in. street to 7/8-in. OD, 1/2-in. street to 5/8-in. OD, 1/2-in. street to 3/8-in. OD, 1/2- to 3/8-in. OD, 1/2-to 3/8-in. angle. 2 One end of street elbow (right) is same size as tubing so that it fits into the socket of another fitting. 3 Because of expansion, space CPVC at least one in. from frame. 4 Wing elbow screwed to headers supports stubout pipe for fixture. The temporary cap closes the supply system for pressure testing (CPVC withstands 100 psi at 180 degrees F).

Photo: Planning your water system and calculating measurements

Plan your supply system carefully, taking into account the sizes of tubing needed for each branch (top). There are two ways of measuring (upper left). Most plumbers prefer center-to-center measurements because there’s no need to deduct for fitting gain; a too-long tube can simply be cut a bit and used. With face-to-face measurements, if you forget to add makeup length, the tube will be too short, i.e., wasted. To make neat parallel 45-degree offsets (upper right), find distance B by multiplying distance between tubes (A) by 0.414. To make a parallel turn with 45-degree elbows, first figure distance B, as above. Find length of D by multiplying distance between two tubes (A) by 0.828 and adding results to length of C. Fitting gain is not a factor except in positioning the first fitting. You can calculate lengths of 45-degree offsets (lower left) by multiplying distance from center line to center line (rise or set) by 1.414. Deduct for fitting gain before cutting tubing. To find the run in compound or rolled 45-degree off-sets, multiply the setback by 1.414.

HOW TO EAT HEALTHY AND DO EXERCISES

These days, there are many articles come out with the idea of people who succeed in building good body. As an illustration, Cindy Tarantino is one of the people who had lost 90 pounds thanks to work out on cycling bike and eat healthy. Apart from doing exercises on fitness indoor cycling bike, what are the other factors which help you get a healthy body?

There are a lot of ways that people could use to burn the calories which result in fit body. They included going on healthy diet, working out every day or setting the goal to shape your body efficiently.

EATING HEALTHY DIET

food

Knowing that eating healthy food can help preventing many diseases in the future such as obesity, heart disease and diabetes.

You should avoid these following food:

Sugar: it is the most common ingredient which absolutely add more fat to your body. In addition, eating so much sugar can cause the obesity and cardiovascular disease in the future.
Food made from grains: avoid eating bread and pasta because these types food bring more carbohydrates which contains in the body
On the other hand, there are also natural food which is great for health.

Eggs: eggs have a lot of nutrition among a large number of food. One egg contains both the white and the yolk. The part which is healthy and nutrient is the yolk. Also, eating eggs provides the omega-3 which is good for health.
Meat: chicken and beef for instant. Meat which is taken from the animals is natural and good.
Vegetables: people who want to lose weight also encouraged to eat more vegetables. So let’s eat more vegetables every day and drink fruit in variety.

WORKOUT EVERYDAYworkout

To have a shape body, two things that come up in mind first is to eat healthy and do a great number of exercises. Exercises burn calories in the body and also build up strong muscle which benefits effectively in losing your weight.

Knowing the need of exercises, a well-known company named Schwinn Fitness also produce many generations of both indoor and outdoor bikes to suit each target users. Moreover, Schwinn IC2 is one of the well-qualified and effective bikes which can support you in the whole fitness process. Users can lose a great amount of weight approximately 1200 calories if they workout everyday with this machine.

SET UP AN IDEAL PLAN FOR FITNESS PROCESS

Some people choose to write down all the food that they have eaten in the whole day to know how many calories they consume in the body. As the result, these people seem to lose weight easier because they can reduce the amount of calories after checking their food diaries.

The best recommendation is that you should go to the gym 3-4 times a week and do a lot of types such as lift weights, stretch and warm up.

Lift weight: this will help reducing calories in the body but still keep you feel healthy and strong.
• Try some basic cardio exercises for example jogging, running or walking will effectively help.

What you get when you get moving

Want to start exercising but don’t know how long it will take to see results? Some benefits start almost immediately; others take longer. Here’s a time-line, prepared with the help of exercise physiologist John Duncan, Ph.D., a professor of clinical research at Texas Woman’s University in Denton, of the benefits of doing three 30-minute aerobic sessions each week. (If you work out longer or more often, your benefits will be even greater.)

AFTER 1 WEEK

week1Fitness: Expect about a 1-percent boost in your endurance (you’ll feel more energized), as well as a drop of about 1 beat per minute in your resting heart rate (which means your heart muscle is already getting stronger, pumping more blood with each stroke).

Weight: If you were at least 25 percent overweight before you started and are now on a sensible diet, count on shedding up to 2 pounds. For others, no discernible weight loss…yet.

1monthAFTER 1 MONTH

Fitness: You’ll be up to a 4-percent increase in your aerobic capacity – the amount of oxygen your body is able to process and consume during exercise. (When you run up stairs, for instance, you won’t feel as out of breath as you used to.) Plus there’ll be a total drop of about 4 beats per minute in your resting heart rate. (A fit rate hovers between 50 and 70.)

Weight: Another 4 to 6 pounds will come off if you began 25 percent overweight and are eating right. Others will shed perhaps 1 to 2 pounds. Also, expect improved muscle tone.

Blood Pressure: If you started with higher than normal blood pressure and/or were overweight, you’ll see a total drop of 5 to 7 points in your systolic pressure (the top number, which measures the maximum pressure produced in the large arteries by each heartbeat), and a 1- or 2-point drop in your diastolic pressure (the bottom number, which measures the constant pressure maintained in the arteries between heartbeats). That’s a clear sign that blood is flowing more easily to your muscles and vital organs.

AFTER 3 MONTHS

3months“At this point, it’s as if someone flipped a switch,” says Duncan. “The health-promoting changes really start kicking in.”

Fitness: Now, oxygen-burning capabilities will be a total of 10 to 15 percent higher. Your resting heart rate will drop, on average, another 5 to 7 beats.

Weight: If you started out 25 percent overweight and are eating right, you’ll have shed a total of 12 to 17 pounds. Others will see a more modest (perhaps 5- to 10-pound) loss. Muscles will now be a bit larger and more toned. To see more significant changes in muscle tone, add weight training.

Blood Pressure: You’ll be up to a 7- to 12-point drop in systolic pressure, and a 3- to 8-point drop in diastolic pressure.

Cholesterol: Perhaps you’ll see a slight reduction in total cholesterol levels, but more importantly, there will be a definite (3 percent) rise in “good” HDL cholesterol, vital for preventing plaque buildup in arteries. For every 1 percent rise in HDL levels, you lower your risk of heart disease by 3 percent.

AFTER 6 MONTHS

6monthHere’s when you’ll feel the greatest gains in health and fitness, Duncan says.

Fitness: You’ll be up to a 15 to 20 percent improvement in your aerobic capacity. Your resting heart rate will have dropped a total of 10 to 15 beats per minute. Now, it’ll take you only 3 to 4 minutes to “recover” after a workout-more proof that you’re using oxygen more efficiently.

Weight: The formerly overweight can expect a total of up to 30 pounds off. Otherwise, the scale may not show much more of a drop – muscle weighs more than fat – but your pants will fit less snugly.

Blood Pressure: There will be a total reduction of 8 to 15 points in your systolic pressure, and 4 to 10 points in your diastolic pressure.

Cholesterol: You’ll see a 5 to 10 percent increase in HDL levels, often enough to change your readings from abnormal to normal.

AFTER 1 YEAR

1yearFitness: You’ll be 18 to 25 percent better at burning oxygen than when you started. For even more improvement, work out longer and/or more frequently.

Weight: Because it now takes fewer calories to maintain your body weight, your weight will remain about the same. To lose more, exercise more or decrease your calorie consumption.

Blood Pressure: Expect a total drop of 8 to 18 points in your systolic pressure, and up to 10 points in your diastolic pressure.

Cholesterol: HDL levels will have increased a total of 12 to 15 percent – enough, usually, to extend your life expectancy by a couple of years.

Get firm at last

tonedYou’ve cut the fat and hit the ground running (or at least briskly walking) for 30 minutes a day … every day. No question, you’re on the right track to weight control. But the best bodies aren’t just thin; they’re toned.

Give yourself a once-over. If despite pounds lost–and miles walked–your shoulders stoop, your arms sag, your belly bulges and your legs lack definition, it’s time for a-tone-ment. Transformation: resistance training.

Resistance training can help women turn back the clock to a toned and shapelier time, notes Wayne Westcott, Ph.D., Prevention advisor and strength consultant to the YMCA of the USA. Consider that after age 25, a woman will likely lose more than half a pound of shapely muscle each year–unless she does resistance training. With resistance training, even lost muscle tone can be regained.

Prevention has touted the benefits before. But perhaps you rejected weight-training out of hand. Or maybe you tried it but just couldn’t get into it, but you’re reconsidering now.

Here’s what you need to know to get your firm-up program off to the best start:

Choose a place

Choose a place to work out where you’re likely to train regularly. There are definite advantages to heading off to a health club or fitness facility, especially for a beginners. First, many clubs have a seemingly limitless array of exercise machines, which allows more variety in your workout. Second, professional advice is always at hand. And third, you’re never alone and the enthusiasm and energy others bring to their workouts can be contagious.

For many people, there just seems to be something about the heading off to a gym that keeps them from slipping and starting to skip workout days, says Dr. Westcott. Certainly, location matters: Find a convenient club so you can drop in at lunch or on the way to (or from) work.

If getting to a gym is too inconvenient–or if you feel more comfortable working out solo–weight training at home may be a better choice. This can be done with a minimum investment in equipment.

Of course, the home-versus-gym issue isn’t an either/or decision. You can choose to do both.

Take a class or find a qualified trainer

Take a class or find a qualified trainer to coach you one-on-one. Many health clubs, organizations like the YMCA and even some “sportsmedicine” center offer classes for beginners. prefer individualized instruction, these centers are also good resources for personal trainers, who can work with you at the gym or in your own home. Maybe you’re not a Hollywood star, so you don’t think you can afford a personal trainer. Keep in mind, you don’t need a personal trainer forever. T

rainers can sure be a big help when you’re getting started. “I often advise beginners to have someone work with them for the first five or so sessions,” says Dr. Westcott. It’s worth checking back with your trainer after a few months to make sure you’re still doing the exercises right.

Plus, if you want to work out at home it’s a good idea to consult personal trainer before you invest in equipment. He or she can help you make your selection.

If you’re on a budget, don’t be embarrassed to tell your trainer. Building your biceps and calves shouldn’t cost an arm and a leg.

Make your workout challenging, but not painful

You don’t have to lift a ton to be toned. In fact, when you’re starting out, one of the greatest risks of injury comes from lifting too much too soon and using improper technique. “Lift only as much weight as allows you to do 8 to 10 repetitions of the movement in a slow, controlled manner,” advises Miriam Nelson, Ph.D., a physiologist with the Human Physiology Laboratory at Tufts University.

Exercise every muscle group, efficiently. “Six to 10 different exercises is all you’ll need to get a thorough, whole-body workout,” assures Dr. Nelson. best results, each should be repeated twice (that is, two “sets” of 8 to 10 repetitions each) within each 30-minute workout session.

Chart your progress

chart“One of the most popular and successful motivators the women I work with use,” says Dr. Nelson, “is to keep a simple chart up on the refrigerator, marking down each workout.” Even within every workout, it may be helpful to have a training checklist to mark off as you complete each exercise.

Find a “training partner”

Exercising with a pal might be the very best thing you can do to stay in the workout groove. It especially helps on those days when excuses scream louder than reason. Even if you don’t have a friend willing to commit to a weight-training regimen, try to form a workout partnership with someone you’ve gotten to know at the gym, It’s the way a lot of friends are made these days.

Focus on your muscles

You’re lifting weights to stimulate your muscles, so it often helps to actually feel a muscle with your free hand while you’re lifting. Feel your muscles contracting as they push, pull and tug against resistance–the very things your muscles were designed to do. Doing so may keep you from being distracted by what’s going on around you. Plus, focusing your awareness while you’re physically feeling your muscles acts as a kind of deep meditation.

Just do it, and do it, and do it

Chances are you probably never thought of yourself as the weight-lifting type. Well, it’s time to change that image of yourself. It’s time to get firm.

So use this article as your guide to starting–or starting over. Resistance training is definitely for you. Try it. It will definitely look good on you.

SEE RESULTS: QUICKER THAN YOU THINK

If you think you need to spend hours in the gym to get the body you want you’re in for another surprise. Thirty minutes of resistance training, two or three times a week is all that’s required. in one study, approximately 30 minutes of weight lifting, three times a week, brought about an average gain of 3 pounds of muscle and a loss of 4 pounds of fat in just 12 weeks.

Abstract

The first step to beginning a resistance training programs is to select a place, such as a gym, that will encourage regular workouts. Taking a class or working with a personal trainer is also recommended. Workouts should be challenging, not painful. Additional advice is provided.

Building a Professional Home Recording Studio

The Ranch Recording Studio
If recording is your passion or if you are a musician, songwriter, engineer, music producer, beat writer, and are ready to setup your own recording studio at home, but not have any idea to set up your own recording studio at home or to go for a professional recording studio? Then you are on the right place to know about home recording setup. Obviously, setting up a home studio takes more than simply easy to understand recording software, headphones and microphones, best studio monitors, drums, and other accessories for a complete set up. (Click here to get more information about best studio monitors under 300 for your home recording studio)

This post intends to instruct individuals about the fundamentals of setting up a home studio. To begin with, it will investigate the reasons why somebody would need to put resources into all the supplies vital for recording proficient quality music.

Why to set up a recording studio at home?

Wally Sound Recording Studio #03

Not all artists, musicians, singers, performers need to build their own particular studios at home, however for some, it bodes well. Mostly individuals want to make their own particular home recording studios for a multiple reasons, including saving money on expenses, making profit, and adaptable studio hours.

Saving Money on Expenses:

Maybe the most obvious reason numerous performers assemble their own particular recording studio is to save money on expenses as compared to professional recording studios. While building a personal home studio may cost a large number of dollars in the start, but this inevitably will pay for itself about whether, in any event for expert musical artists. Like most settled studios can lease their studio on hourly basis, not including proficient specialists who need to be there for the session. Numerous studios might likewise charge a premium for better gear. For artists or experts who put in hours (and a ton of cash) at the studio, a home recording studio is a good idea. This will not only save your money, as well as it can reduce other expenses.

Making Profit:

Recording Studio

Individuals having their personal home recording studios don’t utilize their studio and equipments all the time,hence they can acquire cash and benefit by leasing their studio. Individuals who have personal studio and business knowledge can really transform their home recording set up into a productive project. There are artists who are unable to bear the cost of the professional studios, home recording studio managers can offer their space and administrations to these individuals.

Virtual Instrument

Love it or hate it, the virtual instruments ranging from fast food and cheap through several pleasant sounds in your tracks quickly. There are several groups VI by various manufacturers and you can pay your money and take your choice. However, it is not when integrated packages expansion packs of different instrument professional tools in a professional atmosphere. My opinion is that if you do not create a Pro Tools track and PTIEP, then I recommend you take a picture or a sport.

Korg D8 Digital Recording Studio

Adaptable Schedule:

A home recording studio gives you a flexible time frame letting you to work at anytime you want during a day or night, like if a creative ideas comes in your mind during mid-night just go to your home studio and start working. Likewise professional studio owners can rent out their studio in their spare time.

Eclipse photography goes digital

Combining the strengths of conventional photography with those of digital computers produces stunning views of the corona.

Venus Transiting the Sun - Des Moines, IA

SOLAR-ECLIPSE photography is going digital, and our view of the corona will never be the same. Melding the wide-field, high-resolution capabilities of photographic emulsions with the image-processing power of today’s computers results in the most realistic views of the corona ever produced. “Wow! That’s exactly how it looked” are the first comments from almost everyone who witnessed the July 11, 1991, eclipse and were later shown the pictures here. While the promise of digital processing will surely affect how future eclipse chasers plan their photography, there’s no reason the process can’t be used with historic images residing in observatory archives and family photo albums.

As countless observers will testify, even the most spectacular photographs serve only as poor reminders of the eclipse experience. For all of its optical shortcomings, the eye is a remarkable detector. In a single look it can embrace all of totality — from the dazzling electric pink of solar prominences to the wispy tendrils of outer corona only a few percent brighter than the background sky. Photographic emulsions, on the other hand, have a much more limited dynamic range. They can capture accurately only a small segment of coronal brightness in a single picture, and photographers typically bracket exposures to record all of the corona.

Lunar Eclipse Winter Solstice Moon (once in a life time)

Darkroom wizardry, however, has succeeded in merging sets of eclipse exposures into a single view, and one of the finest examples appears on page 24 of this issue. Another technique for photographing the full range of coronal brightness with one exposure involves a radially graded filter. Densest near the Sun’s limb, where the corona is brightest, these filters gradually lighten farther from the Sun. Seen through a properly made filter, which is placed very close to a camera’s focal plane in use, the corona’s brightness appears more uniform. Although simple in theory, these filters are fraught with technical challenges that must be overcome.

But now the digital age is upon us, and tasks once considered difficult (even impossible) for darkroom workers are accomplished with the click of a mouse. Because image processing is playing an ever-increasing role in amateur as well as professional astronomy, it wasn’t a question of whether someone would manipulate eclipse images with a computer, but merely when. And the timing was perfect for the July 11, 1991, eclipse that swept across Hawaii and much of Mexico. It was the longest totality since 1973, and its nearly 7 minutes of midday darkness will not be exceeded until the year 2132.

Following the eclipse I was milling around the Cabo San Lucas airport in Baja California, waiting for a flight home and chatting with some of the familiar faces in the crowd when I bumped into Steven Albers. It proved to be a particularly fortunate meeting.

STEVE ALBERS

Lunar Eclipse VOL. Kid Cudi aka Man on the Moon

Albers, a long-time amateur astronomer and computer expert, works for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in Boulder, Colorado. He was well aware that no single photograph could do justice to the eclipse he had just experienced. Even before our chance meeting he had resolved to try making a computer mosaic that would realistically portray the corona, but he had camera problems during totality. The images I’d shot on 120-format, ultrafine-grain Kodak Ektar 25 film with a 4 1/8-inch f/15 refractor seemed like an ideal starting point for Albers’s project, and on the spot I offered them for use.

Four of the bracketed exposures covered the inner and middle corona with excellent resolution, and they were transferred to 4-by-5-inch transparencies for Albers’s use. My telescope’s 2 [degrees].1 field of view did not fully encompass the corona’s unexpectedly long streamers. (This eclipse occurred at an active part of the solar cycle when the corona is typically round and lacking in the long equatorial streamers seen with the Sun near sunspot minimum.) For the outermost streamers, Albers turned to an exposure Gary Emerson of Golden, Colorado, had made on 35-mm Fujicolor 100 film with a 500-mm f/8 telephoto lens.

Lunar eclipse

Albers had all five images digitized by David Sime of the High Altitude Observatory at the National Center for Atmospheric Research. Using a Kodak scanner, Sime produced black-and-white image files that had a resolution of approximately 2,000 by 2,000 pixels and recorded 4,096 levels of brightness (12-bit data).

Now Albers was ready to begin his processing with a VAX 6420 computer. Each image had to be registered with the others. Because the Moon’s limb moved between exposures, prominences were used to anchor views of the inner and middle corona. But the prominences were lost to overexposure in Emerson’s shot of the outer corona, so Albers instead registered the image using the star Delta Geminorum, which was visible less than 1/2 [degrees] west of the Sun’s limb.

4/365: Eclipse 2011

Computer routines were developed for isolating the region of corona optimally exposed in each image. The brightness range was then compressed so that it could be displayed within the limits imposed by his computer monitor, and each image had its contrast stretched such that it would blend evenly with the others. With what must surely be an understatement, Albers comments, “After some tinkering, I had a pleasing image that rendered the larger coronal streamers visible over their full length.” It was here that he turned to spatial filtering to enhance fine coronal features as well as reduce film grain apparent in the image of the outer corona. The filters were customized in both their radial and azimuthal directions to accommodate features in the corona.

“Color rendition is one of the more artistic aspects of the mosaic,” notes Albers, who added color to the black-and-white mosaic. Because the intensity of light in the processed image is not a one-to-one relationship with the original, a method was devised to preserve the relationship of hue and saturation and render the inner corona a more yellowish, “Sun-like” color compared with the outer corona that blends with the bluish cast of the surrounding sky.

A Shortcoming–The O III Gap

Variations

NASA's James Webb Space Telescope Visits Baltimore

As with any form of digital imaging, you can make improvements by increasing the amount of input data. For example, a stack of two or more color exposures can replace the single color exposure. The same applies for the Tech Pan exposure, but the greatest benefit is usually obtained with multiple color exposures. The best image of the Pelican Nebula at upper left was formed using five exposures –two on Tech Pan and three on color film.

A filtered Tech Pan exposure can be used in place of the standard unfiltered one. Specifically, if the target is faint and shines primarily in red hydrogen-alpha light, as is often the case for emission nebulae, then a red-filtered Tech Pan exposure can give superior results.

A final variation is to use different optical systems for the component images. As explained earlier, only the Tech Pan exposure needs to have high resolution; the color exposure can therefore be taken using a shorter-focal-length (and often photographically faster) system. The color information for the composite image of the Eta Carinae Nebula on page 132 was made from a stack of two exposures with 135- and 300-millimeter telephoto lenses, the Tech Pan image with my 5-inch f/6 refractor. Also, note the very different telescopes used for the image of the Horsehead Nebula on page 127.

A Shortcoming–the “O III Gap”

Gemini North telescope, Mauna Kea Observatory

The Lab composite technique has a significant shortcoming in color accuracy. Color film is notoriously poor at recording the blue-green emission from doubly ionized oxygen (O III) and, to a lesser extent, hydrogen-beta (H[beta]) light, both of which have a strong visual presence in emission nebulae. Also, Tech Pan (Technical Pan was an almost panchromatic black-and-white film produced by Kodak.) has relatively poor blue-green response compared to its excellent red sensitivity, so in an unfiltered Tech Pan exposure reds are overrepresented relative to blues and greens. So, just as for astrophotography using color films, the method falls short on rendering important blue- and green-emission wavelengths.

This “O III gap” is the bane of color astrophotography. The tricolor method, with the blue and green filters chosen so that they transmit the H[beta] and O III wavelengths, offers a solution but requires three long, separate filtered black-and-white exposures. I’ve recently been experimenting with a compromise method that introduces instead a single cyan-filtered Tech Pan exposure into the Lab method. The initial results look promising.

Conclusion

Orion Nebula - new image from Hubble & Spitzer

As recently as a few years ago, some astro imagers believed that the age of film astrophotography was coming to an end. However, as demonstrated by this article, the Lab method can breathe new life into this field by melding modern digital technology with the traditional, emulsion-based method.

The Lab composite technique is an effective way to produce sharp color images. Using just two relatively short, unfiltered exposures, you can produce crisp color composites. The wonder film of astrophotography, Kodak Technical Pan, can indeed shine in color. Technology, in terms of both hardware and software, has now evolved to the point that this exciting new digital-processing technique is within the easy grasp of film astrophotographers.

The Lab Composite-Imaging Method

Macro Telescope

The Lab method, step by step: [1] The author made the original exposures for this composite of the Andromeda Galaxy, M31, with his 5-inch refractor and gas-hypered, medium-format Tech Pan and Kodak Pro 400 PPF color film. The color exposure has been cropped so it is contained within the black-and-white exposure. [2] The Tech Pan exposure is then registered to the color exposure and cropped to the same size (using RegiStar). [3] With Adobe Photoshop, the L channel of the Lab color image is replaced with the Tech Pan image modified in step 2. The resulting composite Lab image has the color information of the original color exposure and the brightness information of the Tech Pan exposure. [4] The composite image has its contrast tweaked.

An avid astrophotographer with a keen interest in digital imaging, RAJIV GUPTA is a mathematics professor at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver and the first vice president of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada. He is also the editor of the RASC’s annual Observer’s Handbook and Observer’s Calendar. He can be reached at gupta@interchange.ubc.ca.

Abstract:

The use of high resolution composite color digital imaging in astronomical photography is discussed.

Steps to clean your current Furnace Filtering

Steps to clean your current Furnace Filtering

Are you shunning the actual inevitable require to alter your own furnace filtration system? Is it some of those boring jobs that you simply feel you want not to attempt because you’re no grasp of mechanized capability? Well, you may stop stressing and alter your heater filter within a couple of minutes, as well as in only 3 easy and simple to pursue steps.

You may think that altering your heater filter is actually more associated with hassle than it’s worth, however in actuality, your heater’s filtration system is an essential piece associated with household home. Properly cleaned out furnace filters cannot only safeguard the respiratory system health of the family through filtering dangerous and exciting substances from the atmosphere, but moreover, it may help your own furnace to operate more efficiently because of an open up airflow, not just saving a person money, but additionally reducing the danger of a house fire due to a blocked filter.

You ought to check your own air filter systems for impasse at least one time a 30 days, particularly if you are using continuous heat through the winter period. While individuals still make use of disposable fiberglass filter systems, the reusable filters which are out available on the marketplace have a number of advantages within the old, utilize as soon as and discard fiberglass filter systems.

Very quickly you ought to see a rise in your own furnaces effectiveness (and therefore lower expenses), and with no need to purchase an innovative filter for each filter alter, you should visit a direct profit from using reusable heater filters.
At present you could see the requirement of altering your heater filter whenever you ought to, and the advantages of using the reusable filter instead of the throw away fiberglass filter systems, I will tell you the fast and simple 3 steps approach to changing your own old filter for a brand fresh one.

Step One: Reduce the liquid! Never focus on any digital or gasoline powered product without very first detaching the ability and energy sources. You do not want your own first heater filter upkeep job to become your final.

Step Two: Find and open up your furnaces upkeep service solar panel. You may desire to refer for your furnace person manual to determine if you want any tools with this task. Some heater doors open manually, while other people are screwed within or attached in another method to keep illegal fingers and mind out and from hazard. You might require a screwdriver or even other easy tool.

 Step Three: Locate the item that appears as a spongy bit of paneling or even other big rectangular object having a width associated with 1″ or even slightly much more. It is the furnace filtration system. Pull this out and find out if it must be cleaned whether you are using washable heater filters or even restored if you are using disposable heater filters.

Grasp it up to and including lamp, eye-port, or other source of light. If you cannot see with the filter, after that it’s time to use it. If it doesn’t need changing, then reinsert this, close the actual furnace upward, and reunite your electrical (as well as the gas for those who have a gasoline fueled heating unit), or you are able to continue using the clean-up or even replacement procedure. You can’t ever clean or even replace your own filters all too frequently, but should you are unsuccessful to keep them, you are able to run in to serious difficulties.

If you’re using the fiberglass filtration system, buy the very same build and type of filter with regard to replacement while you removed, as well as follow the whole process talked about earlier, only backwards. If you’re using the reusable filtration system, you don’t even need to cranium for that store, simply take a hose or additional water supply (ideally outdoors), and thoroughly fresh the filter of dirt as well as debris prior to replacing it rather than purchasing a brand new furnace filtration system.
Make certain to allow clean filtration system dry totally before reinserting in to your heating unit, to guarantee greater effectiveness and also to reduce the danger of leading to instant re-clogging.

These are the 3 easy steps and ten min’s tops. If you want to replace filter for your furnace, read this tutorial. Relax as well as revel in the warmness.

Reasons to possess a Range Hood

Reasons to possess a Range Hood

During the actual cooking procedure, air pollutants such as vapor, grease contaminants, smoke, and odors show up from the actual cooking area. Gas cooktops as well as ranges include carbon monoxide along with nitrogen dioxide towards the mix, and grilling covers it away with quantities of oily smoke.

Moreover, excess moisture in the dishwasher, evading odors in the trash may, the residual smell associated with last night’s takeout, and several other resources, together produce a serious quality of air problem.

Range lids solve this issue by getting rid of the contaminated air towards the outer surface (ducted set up) or even cleaning this with a number of filters.

Nevertheless, besides the most obvious benefit associated with keeping your cooking place air odor-free, range lids offer other, more delicate, advantages.

The actual hot, damp, greasy effluent brook made by catering is actually suctioned within and worn out outside, rather than letting this blow right inside your face. Every cook who expends a substantial period of time into your kitchen atmosphere will verify the distinction between cooking food in comfort as well as ease, and needing to endure the spray bath for many hours.

When we’re about comfortable cooking food, it may be value noting that the overhead variety hood offers additional illumination, right where you’ll need it probably the most part. One from the deliberations for picking out a range lid ought to be the sum associated with light it offers, as nicely as the kind of lighting — neon, incandescent, halogen, or perhaps a combination.
Remember that the light bulb wattage doesn’t need to end up being high, because the hood is going to be much nearer to the cooktop compared to room lighting. Besides, operate the lights, a few high-end custom range hoods provide spectacular lighting, and a few hoods likewise incorporate warming lighting.

Keeping the environment free associated with grease as well as excess dampness also puts the whole kitchen solution. Airborne oil and moisture made by cooking forms on kitchen area surfaces, leaving the sticky movie on cupboards and counter tops – but having a range cover, those contaminants are eliminated, making kitchen area cleanup easier and quicker.

The heightened range cover models even provide a feature which keeps the actual lid running on the 10-15 moment timer following you’re carried out cooking, to be able to fresh the final traces associated with odor after which quietly switch off.
By making the contaminated air outdoors, the variety hood produces negative stress, which leads to the thoroughly clean outdoor atmosphere to go in the house, improving the environment quality through the house, not only in your kitchen. Removing dangerous chemicals, advertising good air flow, and getting rid of moisture & oil creates the healthier atmosphere, which is particularly important for anybody suffering through asthma, COPD, allergies, along with other respiratory difficulties.

Range hoods additionally promote creativeness in cooking food. Having a highly effective kitchen air flow solution allows the daring chef test out unusual foods that could or else not be looked at due in order to strong smell. Curries, Kimchi, Roquefort parmesan cheese, natto, Durian as well as jack fresh fruit, sardines as well as caviar, and a number of other pungent elements – just about all become a lot more tempting once you do not have to worry regarding their odor lingering within the kitchen as well as settling in to soft furnishings at home. Even roasting salmon as well as garlic aren’t a challenge intended for any powerful, correctly installed as well as ducted, cost to do business range cover.

Certainly, just because a product is functional doesn’t mean this can’t appear good. A custom range cover can add an ideal finishing touch towards the kitchen room, expressing the actual owner’s distinctive sense associated with taste as well as defining the kitchen area as one’s heart of your kitchen.

If the kitchen drawing requires a big bony “pro-style” cover, or the sleek Italian language beauty along with curved cup, or a vintage hood along with wood cut, there is really a perfect drawing available to complement any kitchen area.
Since you can observe, there are lots of causes to set up a variety hood inside your kitchen. Price depends on the designs as well as models.